Important terms and how to address teachers
Not familiar with common university terms? For example, whats the difference between a credit and an exam?
The semester includes periods of teaching, periods of exams, holidays, field trips, and internships. Each semester ends with an examination period, which is usually shorter in the winter semester. During the academic year there are two semesters, winter and summer. The semester lasts twelve weeks. Winter usually begins in October and ends in December, the summer semester begins in February and ends in May.
They are compulsory according to the school rules and it is very beneficial to attend them. Participation facilitates preparation for exams. The content is a theoretical explanation and a commentary on the curriculum that the student has to master. The lecturers are mainly professors and associate professors. Lectures usually take place in large lecture rooms, or halls and are intended for a large number of students.
They are mandatory and are used to practice the material. They take place in groups of up to forty students. They look like high school lessons and usually last 90 minutes. At the end of the semester, the exercises end with a credit.
Credit is awarded for meeting the requirements set by the program of educational activities for the given subject. It is awarded by the teacher on the basis of fulfilling the obligation for its completion (written test, oral presentation, seminar work, class activity, absence, etc.). Obtaining a credit is always condition for taking the exam.
Consultations with teachers help students in independent study, they replace some forms of teaching and complement the preparation of students for exams. Teachers usually list their consultation hours, in which it is available to students. Consultation hours can be found on the relevant personal page of the teacher.
The term in which it is possible to take and examination in a subject before the beginning of the examination period. The pre-terms are most often written in the twelfth week of the semester, they are one week before the beginning of the examination period.
The exam can only be oral, oral with a written part, or only a written part. Today, mainly the written form is used. It is used to check the student’s knowledge. Exams have their own exam periods. Their dates are binding and limiting for passing the mandatory exams. The examiner classifies the result of the exam with marks (excellent, very good, good, and failed). Usually 3 exam dates are allowed, one regular, and two make up dates. If a student fails the exam three times in a row, he / she must re-enroll in the course in the next academic year and repeat it in its entirety.
At the beginning of the lecture or exercise, each teacher communicates to the students their email for possible electronic communication. And it is in these cases that you will use the following table with the correct terms and addresses.
We find many titles in the academic sphere, but we always use the highest one to address them. We never address all titles at once.
|Bachelor||Bc.||Bc. Jan Novák||-I do not use|
|Engineer||Ing. (Eng.)||Ing. Jan Novák||„Dear Engineer Novák"|
|Master||Mgr.||Mgr. Jan Novák||„Dear Master Novák"|
|Doctor||Ph.D.||Ing. Jan Novák, Ph.D.||„Dear Doctor Novák"|
|Doctor||Dr.||Dr. Ing. Jan Novák||„Dear Doctor Novák"|
|Doctor of Science||RNDr.||RNDr. Jan Novák, Ph.D.||„Dear Doctor Novák"|
|Docent||doc.||doc. Ing. Jan Novák, CSc.||„Dear Docent Novák"|
|Professor||prof.||prof. Ing. Jan Novák, CSc.||„Dear Professor Novák"|